Does your child seem to have, um, selective hearing? You tell him (or her) to do this or that and you’re very lucky if one little smidgen of it gets done? Yeah, that can be infuriating to a momma. Ask me how I know.
It turns out that there can be an honest-to-goodness reason and maybe, just maybe, he really isn’t ignoring you.
Auditory attention and auditory processing are important cognitive skills that may need a little work. Luckily, there are loads and loads of quick and fun brain training activities that can boost your child’s ability to listen, remember, and act if necessary.
What are auditory attention and auditory processing?
I’ll remind you quickly about one of the things I mentioned in the visual attention and visual processing article:
The word attention refers to the ability to stay focused on a particular thing. You might need sustained attention – staying focused for a period of time. You might need divided attention – focusing on more than one thing at a time. Or, you might need flexible attention – switching focus from one thing to another smoothly. There are times when all of these skills are necessary at once!
The word processing refers to the ability to take in and understand information. It also includes the speed at which you’re able to take in and understand the information.
So, auditory attention is the ability to take in important auditory information while filtering out the rest. It’s also the ability to sustain or focus on auditory information for periods of time AND shift focus when necessary.
And, auditory processing is the ability to take in and understand information you hear. Preferably, processing the auditory information at an acceptable speed.
When listening, it’s often very important to remember one or more things for short or long periods of time. It’s important, then, that at least some of your brain training games practice the cognitive skill of memory, too.
How do I know if we need to practice this cognitive skill?
Some signs of auditory attention or auditory processing problems might include:
- Difficulty remembering. This could be anything from difficulty remembering a few simple directions to forgetting math facts to an inability to remember the characters of a story that’s just been read aloud.
- Consistent difficulty understanding letter sounds or how sounds go together to form words. In other words, trouble reading.
- Difficulty identifying rhyming words.
- Trouble with spelling.
- Consistently omitting sounds when speaking or saying common words incorrectly.
- Difficulty concentrating if there are too many distracting sounds in the background.
- Difficulty distinguishing sounds in general.
- Asking often for information or directions to be repeated. You might hear “Huh?” or “What?” a lot.
- Difficulty organizing or expressing thoughts.
“We have major problems.”
If you even slightly suspect your child might have a physical hearing loss, it’s extremely important to see a doctor for a thorough hearing test. Also, if your child struggles with many of the issues listed above, it’s best to see an occupational therapist for a thorough evaluation and plan of action.
“My child just needs a little nudge.”
This is where we were. I first became frustrated when my son couldn’t seem to follow-through with a few oral directions at a time. He seemed to be listening to me, but at least one or two of a series of three directions would be forgotten between here and there.
The problem was most obvious if I was listing a few chores he needed to do, which is why my first reaction was frustration. I thought he just didn’t want to do the chores. When I began to see forgetfulness in other situations where he was given a small “list” to do, the lightbulb came on for me.
After several weeks of consistent brain training games and other activities to specifically work on auditory attention, processing and memory, I have a new kid! He is now able to remember very long lists of auditory information.
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Auditory Attention, Processing and Memory Activities
We spent eight weeks doing daily auditory brain training work. Those eight weeks made a huge difference! Since we do a little brain training every school day, I still incorporate auditory activities quite often to keep the skills sharp.
All of the games and activities I’ve listed below are meant for children 1st grade-adult. I don’t have any experience brain training with preschoolers.
Choose one to three of the activities to do each day. Lean in hard on the fun activities so the less fun activities don’t seem so monotonous.
Following Auditory Directions
I need you to… This was a very important activity in my son’s progress! You begin with telling your child to do one thing. Before he’s allowed to do it, he must picture that activity in his mind and repeat the direction back to you. Make sure you hold up one finger when telling the direction and your child holds up one finger when he repeats it back to you. Then, he needs to go do the one thing he was told to do.
The next day, go through the same process with two directions. You give the directions, holding up one finger for the first direction and two fingers for the second direction. Your child pictures the two directions and repeats them while holding up one finger for the first direction and two fingers for the second. He then does both things he was asked.
The third day, give three directions. The fourth day, four. And, so on. We stopped once my son was able to do seven or eight things in order.
Find the ___ and put it on the ____. You can use any objects you like for this activity. Quite simply, you give oral directions that your child must follow correctly. Start with easy directions and increase the difficulty as you see fit. The directions should only be given once.
Easy Example: “Find three red cubes and snap them on top of a blue cube.”
More Difficult Example: “Find the following magnetic letters – l, s, a and w. Place them from left to right alphabetically.”
Simon Says. Yes, this is the same old-fashioned game you remember as a child.
Start easy: “Simon says touch your nose.”
Add more directions as your child improves: “Simon says touch your nose, tap your foot, and whistle.”
Battleship. We love the game of Battleship and it just so happens to be a great listening game (as well as coordinate graphing practice!)
Sorry Card Revenge. We bought Sorry Card Revenge several years ago. If you don’t already own this game, don’t buy it. It seems to have been discontinued and the price is very high. If you already have it on your game shelf, it’s a fun way to get in a little extra practice listening and following directions. (Yahtzee Turbo, ditto.)
Listening and Responding Quickly
Red Light/Green Light. Here’s another old-fashioned game that’s perfect to practice listening skills, with the added bonus of your child needing to respond quickly. In case you don’t remember how to play, your child stands far away from you and races as fast as he can toward you when you say “green light”, but stops as quickly as possible when you say “red light.” If you have several players, the person who reaches you first is the winner. If someone doesn’t stop when you say “red light,” he must return to the start.
Musical chairs. You don’t have to have a large group to play musical chairs, but it certainly helps to have at least a few people. Provide one less chair than you have players. While you play music, players walk around the chairs. When the music stops, players try to sit in the empty chairs. The person left without a chair is out. This is a great activity for responding quickly to auditory changes.
Simon. Simon is a solitary electronic game where colored buttons light up and make sounds in various patterns. Once the game goes through a pattern, you must remember which buttons to press in order to complete the same pattern. Listening for sound patterns is a great cognitive exercise.
Twister. The very premise of Twister is listening carefully to the referee as she tells you to put a certain body part on a certain color on the playing board. It can be played with one child as well as many. Anytime you can combine full-body action with the cognitive skill you’re working on, it’s a good thing.
Listening and Remembering
I Went Shopping. This game requires at least two players. Each person takes a turn repeating the current grocery list and adding a new item in alphabetical order. “I went shopping and bought an apple.” “I went shopping and bought an apple and a banana.” “I went shopping and bought an apple, a banana, and a cookie.” “I went shopping and bought an apple, a banana, a cookie and a d_____.” I love this game for both listening and memory!
Who Comes Next? The Pictureka deck of cards is so silly, but very useful for brain training. In this game, the parent calls out two of the card’s characters and the child must find the characters and place them in the order mentioned. Next time, list three characters. The next time, four characters. And, so on to increase the listening skills and short term memory.
Circle This. I love this activity. Download the Circle This activity sheet (below) and place it in a page protector so you can use the same page over and over again.
Here’s what you do… Give your child a dry erase marker. On the first day say, “Circle all the B’s.” That’s it. Your child should go from left to right through the letter rows and circle all the B’s.
On the second day say, “Circle all the B’s and put a square around all the E’s.”
On each subsequent day, you add a new letter with a new direction. So…besides listening, this activity also practices visual cognitive skills and memory. It’s a blockbuster!
P.S. You could easily create other pages with different letters or numbers or images to keep this activity fresh.
Telephone. I bet you’ll remember playing this game, too! You need at least two players, but more players mean more fun. The first person whispers something in the ear of another player. That player must listen carefully and repeat the message to another player (or repeat it aloud if there are no other players.) The goal is to listen carefully so that the message is relayed correctly from one person to another.
Hand Clapping Rhythms. This is quick and easy. One person claps (or taps, stomps, snaps, etc.) a rhythm. The other person must repeat the pattern successfully. Start with short patterns and build as your child is able.
Clue. When you think of the game of Clue, you don’t necessarily think of auditory skills. However, listening and processing other players’ guesses is a very important part of winning the game! As a bonus, logical thinking is practiced, too.
Go Fish. One of our favorite go-fish games that isn’t “babyish” is American History Go Fish. Much like Clue, in order to win, listening to other players’ card requests is an important component. And, you get some history review in as well!
Listening for Discrepancies
Rhyming Words. There are any number of rhyming games that you can play to help with hearing and identifying sounds discrepancies. Rather than give you a long list, here’s a link to several game ideas from Pinterest.
Which Doesn’t Belong? Say a series of words that all belong in the same category – except at least one of the words. Your child must listen and discern which one (or more) doesn’t belong. Start with short lists and increase the difficulty as your child improves.
Example: Cat, Dog, Elephant, Pan, Snake, Rat, Fork, Lizard, Donkey
Link-A-Word. The first player says one word – any word. The next player must say another word that “goes with” the first word. Play continues as long as you like. (This is a great comprehension activity, too!)
Example: clothes – pants – bluejeans – boys – strong – weightlifter – heavy – ton – truck – driver
P.S. You can take this activity to the next level with shared storytelling. One person starts an oral story. The next person adds to the story. This continues until you reach a decent conclusion to the story. Remembering characters and continuing plots is an active use of listening skills and is great for comprehension practice.
Listening Game. With eyes closed, your child should try to identify sounds he hears. These can be indoor sounds, outdoor sounds, sounds of things you shake, etc. If you like, ask your child to point in the direction of the sounds for an added layer of auditory processing.
For an added bonus of comprehension and vocabulary-building, ask you child to describe the sounds with words like heavy and light, fast and slow, or high and low.
Listening Nature Walk. Turn an ordinary nature walk into a little brain training activity by identifying as many sounds as possible and noting them in your nature journal.
Read with Inflection. Parents should always read aloud with inflection and expect the same of a child when reading aloud. If your child struggles with inflection, practice this skill specifically during short narrations.
Listening for Comprehension
Act or Illustrate. Tell or read stories aloud then ask your child to act out or illustrate the story. Either of these activities encourage listening for detail and listening for lengths of time.
Books on CD. As your child listens to books on CD, they should follow along in the real book, if possible. If that’s not possible, just listening is a good exercise. This particular Amelia Bedelia book on CD set serves double duty. Because Amelia Bedelia takes figurative words literally, there are all sorts of fun consequences. The stories offer a great opportunity to discuss idioms and how the listener in a conversation really must understand what is being said.
LEGO Do & Describe Constructions. This activity requires two people. The first person secretly builds a small figure from a few LEGO blocks. Then, the builder must give oral directions to the other player to build the exact same figure. The other player cannot see the original construction until his own has been completed. Then, compare the two figures to see if they are the same. If so, add a few more blocks to the game next time. If not, keep practicing with just a few blocks until both the builder (who is sharing oral directions) and the listener (who is building only from oral directions) are working well together. Give both players the responsibility of builder and listener at some point because both jobs are superb for building cognitive skills.
Narration. Charlotte Mason homeschoolers, you already know how helpful narration is in the homeschool – for so many reasons. Now you can add auditory cognitive skills to the list of benefits! In this instance, it’s important that your child listens to you (or someone) read a short piece and then repeats it in his own words with as many details as possible. Auditory attention – check. Auditory processing – check. Auditory memory – check. It’s a goodie, albeit not quite as “fun” as some of the other game-like activities.
Poetry Recitation. Another Charlotte Mason homeschooling habit that has great implications for auditory cognitive skills is poetry recitation. As an added bonus, rhyming words are often reinforced in poetry. Fun poems make this activity seem a little less scholarly.
Catch Me If You Can. Read (or tell) stories that are well-known to your children. Change bits and pieces here and there to see if they can catch the mistakes. This is activity requires an extended amount of auditory attention. Yay!
Popular Group Games. Catch Phrase, Taboo & Mad Gab might be on your game shelf already! Any of the three are fun practice for careful listening and fast listening. You can even enjoy them during a family game night and nobody except you has to know it’s all about brain training. I won’t tell.
The Brain Connection website has fun games for all kinds of cognitive skills. Look specifically for those mentioning auditory skills if that’s your goal – and I’m assuming it is since you’re reading this. 🙂
Wow. This turned into a giant article. I sincerely hope you are blessed by the activity ideas and your children have tons of fun improving their auditory skills.
I Teach Brain Training Workshops!
One of my favorite workshops to present is my brain training workshop because it’s very hands-on and sends you home with so many practical ideas. If you can gather a group of parents together within a reasonable distance from Lexington, KY (or provide transportation and lodging for longer distances), we can have a lot of fun together! I can put together brain training workshops that last anywhere from one hour to six hours. Are you interested? Let’s talk!
You might also enjoy my Homeschool Snapshots interview about brain training.
Disclaimer: I am not an occupational therapist or licensed in brain training. While I do have a master’s degree in education, I do not have any extensive training in special needs. I only present this information based on my personal experiences in our homeschool where I have seen improvements in my children with consistent time spent doing brain training activities.